29 August 2015

IELTS Academic Vocabulary and Sample Sentences (2nd set)

These words are from the IELTS 4000 Academic Word List and the sample sentences are taken from Cambridge free online dictionary.  

accident:  (noun) event that takes place without one's foresight or expectation; sudden, and unexpected event
She was injured in a car accident.

accidental:  (adjective) unexpected; unforeseen
Reports suggest that eleven soldiers were killed by accidental fire from their own side.

accidentally: (adverb) inadvertently; by chance; casually; fortuitously; not essentially or intrinsically
He accidentally knocked a glass over.

accommodate: (verb) do a favor or service for; provide for; supply with; make suitable; adapt; allow for
New students may be accommodated in halls of residence.

accommodation: (noun) living quarters provided for public convenience
There's a shortage of cheap accommodation.

accompany: (verb) travel with; be associated with / to be provided or exist at the same time as something
The course books are accompanied by four CDs.

accomplish: (verb) succeed in doing; bring to pass; achieve; reach the end of; complete
The students accomplished the task  in less than ten minutes.

accomplishment: (noun) achievement; fulfillment
Getting the two leaders to sign a peace treaty was his greatest accomplishment.

account: (noun)narrative or record of events; reason given for a particular action or event
She gave a  thrilling account of her  life in the  jungle.

accountant: (noun) one who maintains and audits business accounts
The company is looking for an expert accountant.

accounting: system that provides quantitative information about finances
Please refer your query to the accounting firm.

accumulate: (verb) pile up; collect; mount up; increase
We've accumulated so much  rubbish over the years.

accumulation: (noun)  increase by natural growth or addition; concentration
Accumulations of sand can be  formed by the action of waves on coastal beaches.

accuracy:  (noun) quality of nearness to the truth or the true value
We can  predict changes with a  surprising  degree of accuracy.

accurate: (adjective)capable of providing a correct reading or measurement; performing with care and precision
Her novel is an accurate  reflection of  life in Spain.

accusation: (noun) indictment; charge of wrongdoing that is made against a person or other party
He glared at me with an  air of accusation.

accuse: (verb) blame; condemn
The  surgeon was accused of  negligence.

achieve: (verb) gain with effort; accomplish; fulfill
I've been working all day, but I  feel as if I've achieved nothing.

achievement: (noun) feat; accomplishment; award for completing a particular task or meeting an objective
It gives you a sense of achievement if you actually make it to the end of a very  long  book.

acknowledge: (verb) declare to be true or admit; express obligation, thanks
Historians  generally acknowledge her as a genius in her field.

acquire: (verb) gain through experience or effort; gain possession of; locate with tracking system
He acquired the  firm in 2008.

acquisition: (noun) act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of something
The acquisition of huge amounts of data has helped our research enormously.

across: (preposition / adverb) from side to side; crosswise, or in a direction opposed to the length
She  walked across the ​​road. / When I reached the  river, I  simply swam across.

activate: (verb) make active or more active; stimulate; make radioactive
The alarm is activated by the  lightest pressure.

actively: energetically; vigorously; in an active manner; voluntarily, not passively
He's very actively  involved in the  local  party.

actual: (noun) true; real; being, existing, or acting at the present moment; current
We had estimated about 300 visitors, but the actual number was much higher.

actually: (adverb) truly; really; in fact
I didn't actually  see her - I just heard her  voice.

adapt: (verb) make fit for; change to suit a new purpose
Many  software companies have adapted popular  programs to the new  operating  system.

adaptation: modification; alteration or adjustment in structure or habits
Evolution  occurs as a  result of adaptation to new  environments.

additional: (adjective) further; extra; supplemental or added to
There will be an extra charge for any additional passengers.

additive: (noun) addition; supplement
This margarine is  full of additives – just  look at the  label!

address: (verb) make a formal speech to; deal with or discuss; direct efforts or attention of
He addressed a few  introductory remarks to the  audience.

adequate:  (adjective) sufficient; enough to meet a purpose
I didn't have adequate time to  prepare.


IELTS Academic Vocabulary and Sample Sentences (1st set)

These words are from the IELTS 4000 Academic Word List and the sample sentences are taken from Cambridge free online dictionary.  

abandon: (noun) lacking restraint or control; feeling of extreme emotional intensity; unbounded enthusiasm
We danced with wild abandon.

abandon: (verb) to leave a place, thing, or person, usually for ever:
We had to abandon the car. / As a baby he was abandoned by his mother.

abandonment: (noun) giving up completely; freedom from constraint
The abandonment of the island followed nuclear tests in the area.

abide: (verb) endure; put up with; bear; tolerate
He couldn't abide laziness.

ability: (noun) capacity; skill
She has the ability to explain things clearly and concisely.

abnormal: (noun) unusual; not typical; not normal
Tests revealed some abnormal skin cells.

aboard: (adverb / preposition) on a ship, train, plane or other vehicle; in or into a group, organization, or business
The flight attendant welcomed us aboard.   We spent two months aboard ship

abolish: (verb) cancel; put an end to; destroy completely
I think bullfighting should be abolished.

abolition: (noun) ending; act of abolishing; act of doing away with
The abolition of slavery is such a great human act.

abridge: (verb) condense; shorten; reduce length of written text
The book was abridged for children.

abrupt: (adjective) broken off; very steep; having sudden transitions from one subject to another
Our conversation came to an abrupt end when George burst into the room.
The road ended in an abrupt slope down to the sea.

absence: (noun) state of being absent; state of being away
She has had repeated absences from work this year.

absent: (adjective) go away or leave ; missing; not present
John has been absent from school for three days now.

absolute: (adjective) perfect in quality or nature; complete; totally unlimited; certain
There was no absolute proof of fraud.

absolutely: (adverb) utterly; definitely / completely
We’ve achieved absolutely nothing today.

absorb: (verb) assimilate or incorporate; suck or drink up; occupy full attention
Plants absorb carbon dioxide / It's hard to absorb so much information.

absorption: (noun) process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion; state of mental concentration
Some poisonous gasses can enter  the body by absorption through the skin. 
Her absorption in her work is so great that she thinks about nothing else.

abstract: (adjective) theoretical; not concrete; not applied or practical; difficult to understand
Truth and beauty are abstract concepts.

absurd: (adjective) preposterous; ridiculously incongruous or unreasonable; foolish
It's an absurd situation - neither of them will talk to the other.

absurdity: (noun) quality of being absurd or inconsistent with obvious truth, reason, or sound judgment; logical contradiction
Standing there naked, I was suddenly struck by the absurdity of the situation.

abundance: (noun) great or plentiful amount; fullness to overflowing
There was an abundance of food at the wedding.

abundant: (adjective) plentiful; possessing riches or resources
There’s an abundant supply of food.

abuse: (verb)  improper use or handling; misuse
I never expected that he would abuse the trust I placed in him.

academic:  (adjective) related to school; not practical or directly useful; relating to scholarly organization; based on formal education
The academic year has already started.

academy: (noun) school for special instruction; society of scholars, scientists, or artists
The Royal Academy of Art has become famous in the country.

accelerate: (verb) move faster; cause to develop or progress more quickly; occur sooner than expected
I accelerated to overtake the bus.

acceleration: (noun) faster rate of improvement; rate of change of velocity with respect to time
An older car will have poor acceleration.

access: (noun)approach; entry; entrance
The only access to the village is by boat

accessible: (adjective) easily approached or entered; obtainable; easy to talk to or get along with
The resort is easily accessible by road, rail, and air.

accessory: (noun) additional object; useful but not essential thing; subordinate or supplementary item
Sunglasses are much more than a fashion accessory.