29 August 2015

IELTS Academic Vocabulary and Sample Sentences (2nd set)

These words are from the IELTS 4000 Academic Word List and the sample sentences are taken from Cambridge free online dictionary.  

accident:  (noun) event that takes place without one's foresight or expectation; sudden, and unexpected event
She was injured in a car accident.

accidental:  (adjective) unexpected; unforeseen
Reports suggest that eleven soldiers were killed by accidental fire from their own side.

accidentally: (adverb) inadvertently; by chance; casually; fortuitously; not essentially or intrinsically
He accidentally knocked a glass over.

accommodate: (verb) do a favor or service for; provide for; supply with; make suitable; adapt; allow for
New students may be accommodated in halls of residence.

accommodation: (noun) living quarters provided for public convenience
There's a shortage of cheap accommodation.

accompany: (verb) travel with; be associated with / to be provided or exist at the same time as something
The course books are accompanied by four CDs.

accomplish: (verb) succeed in doing; bring to pass; achieve; reach the end of; complete
The students accomplished the task  in less than ten minutes.

accomplishment: (noun) achievement; fulfillment
Getting the two leaders to sign a peace treaty was his greatest accomplishment.

account: (noun)narrative or record of events; reason given for a particular action or event
She gave a  thrilling account of her  life in the  jungle.

accountant: (noun) one who maintains and audits business accounts
The company is looking for an expert accountant.

accounting: system that provides quantitative information about finances
Please refer your query to the accounting firm.

accumulate: (verb) pile up; collect; mount up; increase
We've accumulated so much  rubbish over the years.

accumulation: (noun)  increase by natural growth or addition; concentration
Accumulations of sand can be  formed by the action of waves on coastal beaches.

accuracy:  (noun) quality of nearness to the truth or the true value
We can  predict changes with a  surprising  degree of accuracy.

accurate: (adjective)capable of providing a correct reading or measurement; performing with care and precision
Her novel is an accurate  reflection of  life in Spain.

accusation: (noun) indictment; charge of wrongdoing that is made against a person or other party
He glared at me with an  air of accusation.

accuse: (verb) blame; condemn
The  surgeon was accused of  negligence.

achieve: (verb) gain with effort; accomplish; fulfill
I've been working all day, but I  feel as if I've achieved nothing.

achievement: (noun) feat; accomplishment; award for completing a particular task or meeting an objective
It gives you a sense of achievement if you actually make it to the end of a very  long  book.

acknowledge: (verb) declare to be true or admit; express obligation, thanks
Historians  generally acknowledge her as a genius in her field.

acquire: (verb) gain through experience or effort; gain possession of; locate with tracking system
He acquired the  firm in 2008.

acquisition: (noun) act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of something
The acquisition of huge amounts of data has helped our research enormously.

across: (preposition / adverb) from side to side; crosswise, or in a direction opposed to the length
She  walked across the ​​road. / When I reached the  river, I  simply swam across.

activate: (verb) make active or more active; stimulate; make radioactive
The alarm is activated by the  lightest pressure.

actively: energetically; vigorously; in an active manner; voluntarily, not passively
He's very actively  involved in the  local  party.

actual: (noun) true; real; being, existing, or acting at the present moment; current
We had estimated about 300 visitors, but the actual number was much higher.

actually: (adverb) truly; really; in fact
I didn't actually  see her - I just heard her  voice.

adapt: (verb) make fit for; change to suit a new purpose
Many  software companies have adapted popular  programs to the new  operating  system.

adaptation: modification; alteration or adjustment in structure or habits
Evolution  occurs as a  result of adaptation to new  environments.

additional: (adjective) further; extra; supplemental or added to
There will be an extra charge for any additional passengers.

additive: (noun) addition; supplement
This margarine is  full of additives – just  look at the  label!

address: (verb) make a formal speech to; deal with or discuss; direct efforts or attention of
He addressed a few  introductory remarks to the  audience.

adequate:  (adjective) sufficient; enough to meet a purpose
I didn't have adequate time to  prepare.