12 September 2015

IELTS Academic Vocabulary and Sample Sentences (4th set)

These words are from the IELTS 4000 Academic Word List and the sample sentences are taken from Cambridge free online dictionary. 

affirm:  (verb) assert; confirm
She affirmed her intention to apply for the post.

affirmation: (noun) positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath
We  welcome the government's affirmation of its  intention to  act.

affirmative: (adjective) confirmative; ratifying; giving assent or approval; confirming
He gave me an affirmative reply.

afford: pay; provide; have the financial means for; bear the cost of
I don't  know how he can afford a new  car on his salary.

affordable:  (adjective ) not expensive / able to pay for
The newly opened store is selling their goods with very affordable prices.

agency:  (noun) a business that serves other businesses; an administrative unit of government
He has an advertising agency.

agent: (noun) one that acts on behalf of other persons or organizations
Please contact our agent in the main branch for  further  information.

aggravate: (verb)  worsen; make worse or more troublesome
Attempts to restrict  parking in the  city  centre have  further aggravated the  problem of traffic congestion.

aggregate: (adjective ) gather into a mass, sum, or whole; amount to
The seven companies have an aggregate  turnover of £5.2 million.

aggregation: (noun) several things grouped together or considered as a whole
A galaxy is an aggregation of stars.

aggressive: (adjective)  making assaults; unjustly attacking; combative; hostile; tending to spread quickly
Men  tend to be more aggressive than women.

aggressor:  (noun) one that engages in aggression; person who first attacks
He sued his aggressor for physical injury

agitate: (verb) cause to move with violence or sudden force; upset; disturb
I didn't want to agitate her by telling her the truth.

agitation: (noun) anxiety; extreme emotional disturbance
He arrived home in a state of agitation.

agony:  (noun) extreme pain of mind or body; anguish; last struggle of life; death struggle
We've both suffered agonies of guilt over what happened.

agreeable:  (adjective) ready to consent or submit; acceptable
We need to  find a compromise that is agreeable to both sides of the  party.

agreement:  (noun) state of agreeing; harmony of opinion, statement, action, or character
The dispute was  settled by an agreement that satisfied both  sides.

agriculture:  (noun) practice of cultivating the land or raising stock
Agriculture is still  largely  based on  traditional  methods in some  countries.

aid: (noun) person or thing that promotes or helps in something done; helper; assistant
Emergency aid was sent to the flood victims.

ailment: (noun) sickness; illness; affliction
You can treat  minor ailments yourself.

aim: (noun) point or direct towards an object or spot with the intent of hitting it
The aim of the movie was to make people laugh.

air: (verb) to say your opinions  / be broadcast on television or radio
The meeting will give us all a chance to air our views

aircraft: (noun) vehicle that can fly, such as an airplane, helicopter, balloon
He is an expert of flying an aircraft.

aisle: (noun) passageway between rows of seats, as in an auditorium or an airplane; wing of a building
The beautiful bride is walking down the aisle.

ajar: (adjective) half-open; slightly turned or opened
Don’t leave the door of my car ajar!

alert: (noun)warning serves; alarm; condition of heightened watchfulness or preparation for action
There was a bomb alert in the city yesterday.

alien: (noun) dissimilar, inconsistent, or opposed in nature; very different place, society, or person
There has been sighting of aliens in the past years.

alienate: (verb) cause to become unfriendly or hostile; transfer property or ownership; isolate or dissociate emotionally
Disagreements can alienate  teenagers from  their families.

alike: (adjective) similar; in the same manner or to the same degree
My dad and I look alike.

alliance: (noun) state of being allied; act of allying or uniting; a union or connection of interests between families, states, parties
NATO is sometimes called the Atlantic Alliance.

allocate: (verb) assign; distribute according to plan
The  government is allocating £10 million for health education.

allot: (verb) parcel out in parts or portions; distribute to each individual concerned; assign as a share or lot
They allotted a  separate  desk to everyone.

ally: (noun) confederate; partner; collaborator
The United States is an ally of Saudi Arabia.

alone: (adjective) solitary; by oneself
I don’t like being alone.

alongside:  (adverb) along or by the side; side by side with
A car pulled up alongside ours.


IELTS Academic Vocabulary and Sample Sentences (3rd set)

These words are from the IELTS 4000 Academic Word List and the sample sentences are taken from Cambridge free online dictionary.  

adhere: (verb) stick fast; stick to firmly; be compatible or in accordance with
smooth, dry  surface  helps the  tiles adhere to the wall.

adhesive: (noun) glue; paste ; substance that unites or bonds surfaces together
You'll need a/some  strong adhesive to  mend that chair.

adjacent: (adjective) adjoining; neighboring; close to; lying near
They  work in adjacent  buildings. /They  lived in a house adjacent to the  railway.

adjust: (verb) adapt; regulate
As a  teacher you have to adjust  your methods to suit the needs of  slower children.

adjustment: (noun) making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances
She made a few  minor adjustments to the focus of her camera.

administer: (verb) govern; supervise; give or apply medications
The  economy has been  badly administered by the present  government.

administration: (noun) management; supervision; people who are in charge for management; activity of government for powers and duties
The  decision to  cancel the  trip was made by the school administration.

administrative: (adjective) of or relating to or responsible for administration
Your  responsibilities will be  mainly administrative.

admiration: (noun)  favorable judgment; feeling of pleasure, wonder, and approval
My admiration for that woman grows daily.

admire: (verb) regard with wonder or astonishment; view with surprise; marvel at
We  stood for a few moments, admiring the view.

admission: (noun) act or practice of admitting; power or permission to enter
Her silence was taken as an admission of guilt/defeat.

admit:  (verb) permit to enter; receive; provide the right or a means of entrance to
He admitted his guilt/mistake.

admittedly:  (adverb) doubtlessly; in an acknowledged manner; confessedly
Admittedly, I could have  tried  harder but I still don't  think all this criticism is  fair.

adolescence:  (noun) state of growing up from childhood to manhood or womanhood; transitional period between youth and maturity
She had a  troubled adolescence.

adopt:  (noun) accept; take on; raise; take into one's family
They have no children of  their own, but they're hoping to adopt.

adoption:  (noun) act of accepting with approval
The last ten years have seen a dramatic fall in the number of adoptions.

adore: (verb) worship with profound reverence; pay divine honors to; regard with the utmost esteem and affection
Let us adore  God for all his  works.

adorn:  (verb) enhance or decorate with or as if with ornaments
The bride's  hair was adorned with white  flowers.

adornment: embellishment; decoration; something that beautifies or adorns; ornament
The adornment in the church for the wedding is pretty amazing.

adult: (noun) one who has attained maturity or legal age; fully grown
An adult under  English  law is someone over 18 years old.

advance: (verb) proceed; move forward; improve; moving forward
The fire advanced steadily through the  forest.

advanced: improved; highly developed or complex; ahead of the times; progressive
This is the most advanced type of  engine available.

adversary: (noun) opponent in contest; someone who offers opposition
He  saw her as his  main adversary within the company.

adverse: (adjective) in opposing direction; harmful or unfavorable; acting or serving to oppose
The  match has been cancelled because of adverse weather conditions.

adversity:  (noun) state of misfortune, hardship, or affliction; misfortune
The  road to  happiness is  paved with adversities.

advertise:  (verb) give notice to; inform or apprise; make known; give public notice of
He advertises his  services on the company notice  board.

advisable:  (adjective) proper to be advised or to be done; expedient; prudent; ready to receive advice
A certain amount of  caution is advisable at this  point.

advocate: (verb) speak, plead, or argue in favour of; plead for; push for something
He advocates the  return of  capital  punishment.

aerial:  (adjective) of the air or atmosphere; produced by or found in the air; performed in the air
Meanwhile, the  massive aerial bombardment/bombing of military targets  continued unabated.

affect:  (verb) have an emotional or cognitive impact upon
The divorce affected every aspect of her  life.

affection:  (noun) fondness; tender feeling toward another; fondness
She felt no affection for the  child.

affectionate: (adjective) having affection or warm regard; loving; fond; kindly inclined; zealous
He's an affectionate little  boy.

affiliate: (verb) associate; incorporate
The school is affiliated with a national  association of driving schools.