12 September 2015

IELTS Academic Vocabulary and Sample Sentences (4th set)

These words are from the IELTS 4000 Academic Word List and the sample sentences are taken from Cambridge free online dictionary. 

affirm:  (verb) assert; confirm
She affirmed her intention to apply for the post.

affirmation: (noun) positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath
We  welcome the government's affirmation of its  intention to  act.

affirmative: (adjective) confirmative; ratifying; giving assent or approval; confirming
He gave me an affirmative reply.

afford: pay; provide; have the financial means for; bear the cost of
I don't  know how he can afford a new  car on his salary.

affordable:  (adjective ) not expensive / able to pay for
The newly opened store is selling their goods with very affordable prices.

agency:  (noun) a business that serves other businesses; an administrative unit of government
He has an advertising agency.

agent: (noun) one that acts on behalf of other persons or organizations
Please contact our agent in the main branch for  further  information.

aggravate: (verb)  worsen; make worse or more troublesome
Attempts to restrict  parking in the  city  centre have  further aggravated the  problem of traffic congestion.

aggregate: (adjective ) gather into a mass, sum, or whole; amount to
The seven companies have an aggregate  turnover of £5.2 million.

aggregation: (noun) several things grouped together or considered as a whole
A galaxy is an aggregation of stars.

aggressive: (adjective)  making assaults; unjustly attacking; combative; hostile; tending to spread quickly
Men  tend to be more aggressive than women.

aggressor:  (noun) one that engages in aggression; person who first attacks
He sued his aggressor for physical injury

agitate: (verb) cause to move with violence or sudden force; upset; disturb
I didn't want to agitate her by telling her the truth.

agitation: (noun) anxiety; extreme emotional disturbance
He arrived home in a state of agitation.

agony:  (noun) extreme pain of mind or body; anguish; last struggle of life; death struggle
We've both suffered agonies of guilt over what happened.

agreeable:  (adjective) ready to consent or submit; acceptable
We need to  find a compromise that is agreeable to both sides of the  party.

agreement:  (noun) state of agreeing; harmony of opinion, statement, action, or character
The dispute was  settled by an agreement that satisfied both  sides.

agriculture:  (noun) practice of cultivating the land or raising stock
Agriculture is still  largely  based on  traditional  methods in some  countries.

aid: (noun) person or thing that promotes or helps in something done; helper; assistant
Emergency aid was sent to the flood victims.

ailment: (noun) sickness; illness; affliction
You can treat  minor ailments yourself.

aim: (noun) point or direct towards an object or spot with the intent of hitting it
The aim of the movie was to make people laugh.

air: (verb) to say your opinions  / be broadcast on television or radio
The meeting will give us all a chance to air our views

aircraft: (noun) vehicle that can fly, such as an airplane, helicopter, balloon
He is an expert of flying an aircraft.

aisle: (noun) passageway between rows of seats, as in an auditorium or an airplane; wing of a building
The beautiful bride is walking down the aisle.

ajar: (adjective) half-open; slightly turned or opened
Don’t leave the door of my car ajar!

alert: (noun)warning serves; alarm; condition of heightened watchfulness or preparation for action
There was a bomb alert in the city yesterday.

alien: (noun) dissimilar, inconsistent, or opposed in nature; very different place, society, or person
There has been sighting of aliens in the past years.

alienate: (verb) cause to become unfriendly or hostile; transfer property or ownership; isolate or dissociate emotionally
Disagreements can alienate  teenagers from  their families.

alike: (adjective) similar; in the same manner or to the same degree
My dad and I look alike.

alliance: (noun) state of being allied; act of allying or uniting; a union or connection of interests between families, states, parties
NATO is sometimes called the Atlantic Alliance.

allocate: (verb) assign; distribute according to plan
The  government is allocating £10 million for health education.

allot: (verb) parcel out in parts or portions; distribute to each individual concerned; assign as a share or lot
They allotted a  separate  desk to everyone.

ally: (noun) confederate; partner; collaborator
The United States is an ally of Saudi Arabia.

alone: (adjective) solitary; by oneself
I don’t like being alone.

alongside:  (adverb) along or by the side; side by side with
A car pulled up alongside ours.